Lesson 7 Review: Covenant at Sinai

Lesson 7 Covenant at Sinai


Memory Text: “You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself” (Exodus 19:4, RSV).

Israel had a great privilege of drinking from the wells of salvation just as the boy drank a large glass of milk, something He was not accustomed to. This salvation is only a result of divine grace.

What illustrations explain how the Lord brought Israel out of Egypt to Sinai?

Israel was brought out of Egypt as a young eagle carried on eagle’s wings. Another illustration also shows that God took Israel to Himself showing a sense of concern for our well-being.

What is the pattern of salvation?

The pattern that God uses to save us from bondage to sin is such that can be compared to that of a redeemer who redeems another member of a family from slavery. Just as in ransoming the slave there is always a ransom to be paid for redemption to take place. Hence the ransom God had to pay is seen in Mark 10:45, 1 Timothy 2:6, Revelation 5:9.

What sequence does the Sinai covenant take?

  1. Israel’s arrival and encampment at Sinai after deliverance from Egypt (Exodus 19:1-2)
  2. God’s proposal of a covenant with Israel (Exodus 19:3-6)
  3. Israel’s response in acceptance of the covenant (Exodus 19:7-8)
  4. Preparations for formally receiving the covenant (Exodus 19:9-25)
  5. Proclamation of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-17)
  6. Moses as covenant mediator (Exodus 20:18-21)
  7. Covenant Principles spelled out (Exodus 20:22—Exodus 23:22)
  8. Ratification of the covenant (Exodus 24:1-18)

Does the command to obey the Lord somehow nullify the concept of salvation by grace?

Certainly not, for We would not have known sin if not by the law (Romans 7:7). However, obedience is only the fruit of the faith we have in the grace that God has offered to Us freely.

Why is it that though works are stressed in the bible, we are still not acceptable in God’s sight?

Our works can never make us acceptable in the sight of God because all have sinned and come short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23), our righteousness is like filthy rags (Isiah 64:6) and all we as sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way (Isaiah 53:6).

In Conclusion,

The Sinai covenant was a covenant of grace, after Israel was delivered from the physical slavery God proceeded to deliver them from the stronger slavery which is the slavery of sin. Although the Israelites lacked a true faith motivated by love, we need not follow Israel’s failure but know that our salvation is only by God’s grace alone and we only need to have faith in Jesus rather than depend on our works. I pray that God builds our faith in Him for salvation in Jesus’ name.

We recommend that you also read the full lesson on the Covenant at Sinai here.


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Expiration: 15th May 2021