Lesson 12 Review: Deuteronomy in the New Testament

Lesson 12 Deuteronomy in the New Testament

Introduction

Memory Text: “ ‘It is written, “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God” ‘ ” (Matthew 4:4, NKJV).

Either using direct old testament quotations or allusions, Deuteronomy is often referenced in the new testament for justification. Jesus referenced Deuteronomy, Paul did and many other New Testament Bible portions have references to Deuteronomy.

Where did Jesus make reference to in Deuteronomy in the first temptation from Satan?

Jesus referenced Deuteronomy 8:3. The statement was made when Moses recounted to the Israelites how God had fed them all the years, one of those messages recounted was that, “man shall not live by bread alone, but man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD”.

Which portion of Deuteronomy was referenced by Jesus in the second temptation from Satan?

Deuteronomy 6:16 was referenced in the second temptation. The statement was made when Moses pointed the people back to their rebellion in Massah saying, “You shall not tempt the LORD your God as you tempted Him in Massah”.

Where in Deuteronomy did Jesus make reference to in the third temptation by Devil?

Jesus made reference to Deuteronomy 6:13 when Satan tempted Him the third time. The statement being referenced, “You shall fear the LORD your God and serve Him” was a warning to the people of Israel about what would happen if they were to fall away and worship other gods.

What lesson should we learn for ourselves from Deuteronomy 10:17-19?

Deuteronomy 10:17-19 contains the phrase, “shows no partiality”. The LORD however as depicted in Deuteronomy shows no partiality, this fact has also been repeated in other contexts in the New Testaments, Paul made reference to it when He instructs Masters on how they treat servants. The lesson to be learned is that God shows no partiality, and we are not to show partiality to others irrespective of the classes involved.

What is Paul saying in Galatians 3:1-14 that is relevant to us today?

Paul was not speaking against the law as some may say, Paul, is rather saying that all who rely on the law are under a curse because the law cannot save any from sin. Deuteronomy 27:26; 21:22,23 are seen in Paul’s message in Galatians 3:1-14, the Law brings the curse and that is the point expressed in Deuteronomy 27:26, However, Paul expresses what Jesus did for us by being a curse for us, that we may be saved as seen in Deuteronomy 21:22, 23.

How do Peter and Stephen apply Deuteronomy 18:18 in Acts 3:22 and 7:37 respectively?

Deuteronomy 18:18 talks about a prophet being raised up like Moses. Peter However, uses this familiar message to explain that Jesus is the fulfillment as spoken of by all God’s holy prophets. Stephen in Acts 7:37 testifies that Jesus was the fulfillment of the prophecy and that they needed to listen to Jesus.

How does what Paul was saying in Hebrews 10:28-31 apply to us today?

Paul was putting a strong warning on how disastrous it would be if we fall away from God’s commandments. Paul quotes the portion of Deuteronomy that contains an earlier exhortation to Jewish believers to stay faithful. Deuteronomy 17:6 talks about the fact that someone deserving of death will face it on the testimony of two or three witnesses. However, today we have more light and more truth than they did, how much more would be our punishment if we trample the Son of God underfoot.

In Conclusion,

The New Testament writers quoted the old testaments to buttress their point, Deuteronomy is among the most quoted and one thing about the Bible is that there is no question raised by the New Testament writers about the authenticity or authority of the old testament. Deuteronomy 32:36 talks about the LORD judging His people, but Romans 8:1 gives us the hope that there is therefore now no condemnation to they that are in Christ Jesus. This hope however does not discard the judgment that awaits those who are not in Christ Jesus. I pray that these words be in us and guide us in the way of truth in Jesus’ name.

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Expiration: 18th December 2021

                   

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